Source Themes

Association between changes in harm perceptions and e-cigarette use among current tobacco smokers in England: A time series analysis

Background: There is a decreasing trend in the proportion of individuals who perceive e-cigarettes to be less harmful than conventional cigarettes across the UK, Europe and the US. It is important to assess whether this may influence the use of …

Associations between smoking status and bodily pain in a cross-sectional survey of UK respondents

Background: Research indicates that ex- and current smokers report increased levels of bodily pain compared with never smokers. This could be secondary to smoking-related disease or psychological characteristics of smokers, or it could be a …

A self-report measure of engagement with digital behavior change interventions (DBCIs): Development and psychometric evaluation of the “DBCI Engagement Scale”

Engagement with digital behavior change interventions (DBCIs) is a potentially important mediator of effectiveness; however, we lack validated measures of engagement. This study describes (a) the development of a self-report scale that captures the …

Trends in and factors associated with the adoption of digital aids for smoking cessation and alcohol reduction: A population survey in England

Background: Digital smoking cessation and alcohol reduction aids are widely available in England. To estimate their public health impact, researchers need to consider their adoption in the target population. We assessed adoption rates, and …

Assessing the Psychometric Properties of the Digital Behavior Change Intervention Engagement Scale in Users of an App for Reducing Alcohol Consumption: Evaluation Study

Background: The level and type of engagement with digital behavior change interventions (DBCIs) are likely to influence their effectiveness, but validated self-report measures of engagement are lacking. The DBCI Engagement Scale was designed to …

Do Daily Fluctuations in Psychological and App-Related Variables Predict Engagement With an Alcohol Reduction App? A Series of N-Of-1 Studies

Background: Previous studies have identified psychological and smartphone app–related predictors of engagement with alcohol reduction apps at a group level. However, strategies to promote engagement need to be effective at the individual level. …

Does the addition of a supportive chatbot promote user engagement with a smoking cessation app? An experimental study

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess whether a version of the Smoke Free app with a supportive chatbot powered by artificial intelligence (versus a version without the chatbot) led to increased engagement and short-term quit success. …

Finding moderation online

Effectiveness of an offer of the Smoke Free smartphone application for smoking cessation: protocol for a randomized controlled trial

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Smartphone applications (apps) hold promise for delivering tobacco smoking cessation support to large numbers of people at low unit cost. Smoke Free is an evidence-informed, widely used app that is highly rated by users. This …

Perceived addiction to smoking and associations with motivation to stop, quit attempts and quitting success: A prospective study of English smokers

Aims Some argue that perceived addiction to smoking (PAS) might undermine motivation to stop. We examined the association of PAS with motivation to stop in a population sample and assessed its association with past and future quit attempts and future …